Russia May Build Its Own Space Station After 2020
"A new orbital station of Russia is under consideration. Apart from doing research, it will assemble interplanetary expedition complexes for missions to the Moon, Mars and Lagrangian points," he said.
The Multirole Laboratory Module (MLM) is supposed to be connected to the ISS in 2014 although "the project has been experiencing certain problems," he said. "This is a landmark module for Russia’s manned program."
"We will create a node unit with a service life of 30 years in 2014-2015. The MLM, two research and power modules, the node and, possibly, the ISS service module will make up a national orbital station to operate during the period from 2020 until 2040," the source said.
"The prospective manned spaceship [on which the Energia Corporation is working] will have a trial unmanned mission by 2020," he added.
Unidentified cosmonaut via article “Mendelev Calls For Russia Space Program”
Russia To Build Orbital Base
The Energia Corporation is designing an orbital base, which will give maintenance to and fuel spaceships on deep space missions, International Space Station (ISS) Russian program supervisor Vladimir Solovyov said.
"Along with carrying out research and development projects, the base will service and test spaceships on long-distance missions, both automatic and manned; they will be tested, adjusted, refueled and sent to the Moon, Mars or other destinations," Solovyov told a press conference in Moscow on Wednesday.
Energia has launched the orbital base project.
"We are already working on this. Our projects are no longer limited to the ISS," Solovyov stressed.
Soyuz docking with the ISS
Energia Corporation Proposes Building Russian Space Station After 2020
A permanent Russian orbiting outpost that would use the Russian sections taken from the International Space Station (ISS) may appear in space after 2020, Energia Rocket and Space Corporation president and general designer Vitaly Lopota said.
"Since it would be irrational to shut down the program of a properly functioning section of the ISS, the Energia corporation has proposed deploying a permanent Russian orbiting outpost that would use the existing modules of the ISS’ Russian segment, including new ones. This project will also help realize the long-existing idea to apply the technologies of a previous orbiting station to the next, which was not done during the transition from the Mir space station to the ISS," he told Interfax-AVN on the sidelines of the MAKS-2013 international air show in the town of Zhukovsky outside Moscow on Tuesday.
"The partners currently intend to shut down the ISS program in 2020," he said.
"However, the resource of the ISS modules, which should be launched in 2014-2017, including the multirole laboratory module (MLM), the node module (UM) and the research and power generating module No. 1 (NEM-1), will not have been exhausted by that time," he said.
"The idea is to put such an orbiting outpost into operation, naturally if the government makes such a decision, using the modules, as well as scientific and other equipment from the ISS Russian segment and maintaining the normal functioning of the transportation system that operates Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, which will continue to deliver crews and cargo to the new space station and back to the Earth and will help dispose of waste and outdated equipment," Lopota said.
"The main principle of the new orbiting station will be the possibility to fully and repeatedly replace any outdated modules in order to maintain its safe and uninterrupted operation for as long as necessary - for several decades, until new missions and technological solutions require its complete overhaul," Lopota said.
"I would like to stress once again that the proposed Russian space station’s core segment, made up of MLM, UM and NEM-1, might start its autonomous flight only after the partners shut down the ISS program and after a joint agreement is reached on the process of withdrawal from this program that will help ensure the safety of any further operations with the ISS in general and its individual elements," he said.